The year 2020 is a great technological change that will finally begin. It is an update of our wireless systems that will only happen once in this decade and that cell phone users in Pakistan can start using in a matter of months.
However, it’s not just about faster phones. The transition to the new 5th generation cellular networks – known as 5G for short – will also impact many other types of IoT devices, including industrial robots, drones, security cameras, and cars that send traffic data to each other. This new era will go beyond current wireless technology, known as 4G, and will offer mobile internet speeds that will allow people to download entire movies in seconds and will most likely bring big changes to video games, sports and shopping.
Officials in the United States, China, and Pakistan believe that 5G networks will give them a competitive advantage. 5G network could help expand the use of artificial intelligence (AI) and other cutting-edge technologies.
We will surely hear more about 5G networks at events such as the great commercial convention of consumer electronic devices CES this January in Las Vegas and the MWC Barcelona (formerly known as the World Mobile Congress) in February in Spain. Device manufacturers are presenting devices that will integrate it.
Samsung recently showed 5G smartphone prototypes. Many other manufacturers like Samsung, etc. rush to be part of the trend, although Apple is not expected to participate in the first wave of 5G.
What exactly is 5G technology?
Strictly speaking, 5G is a set of fundamental technical rules that define the operation of a cellular network, including the radio frequencies that are used and the way in which various components such as microprocessors and antennas process the radio signals and exchange the data.
Since the first cell phones were shown in the 1970s, engineers from several companies have agreed on the specifications of cellular networks, which are assigned a new generation of technology every decade or so. To get the benefits of 5G technology, users will have to buy new cell phones, while providers will have to install new transmission equipment to offer this faster service.
How fast will the network be?
The answer depends on where you live, what type of wireless services you use and when you decide to adopt 5G technology.
Qualcomm, the manufacturer of wireless microprocessors, said it had demonstrated maximum download speeds on the 5G network of 4.5 gigabits per second but predicts that the initial speeds will be on average around 1.4 gigabits. That translates into a speed almost twenty times faster than the current 4G experience.
The 5G speeds will be particularly notable in the streaming of higher resolution continuous video. Also, downloading a movie with the average speeds that Qualcomm cited would take seventeen seconds with the 5G network, compared to the six minutes required in a 4G.
Is that the only speed that matters?
No. There is another type of speed, a lag known as latency, which may become more important with the fifth-generation network.
The 5G network, which uses a newer network technology, was designed to reduce latency so that it is only a few milliseconds. It was also designed to send signals more reliably than with the first cellular networks, which often dispense with percentages of data that are not essential for tasks such as watching a movie on a cell phone.
That improvement could bring many benefits, especially in fields such as virtual reality, RV. Higher-resolution VR applications generally require bulky devices that are connected by a cable to the nearest personal computer to generate 3D images. With the 5G network, this could be transmitted wirelessly to other machines, so users could move around and it would be easier to develop visors the size of a pair of glasses, said Cristiano Amon, president of Qualcomm’s semiconductor division.
In the related field of augmented reality, people could point their cell phone’s camera at a football game and watch both the live video on the screen and the superimposed player statistics or other data, said Patrick Moorhead, an analyst in Moor Insights & Strategy.
In addition, the impact of the 5G network extends to medicine and other fields that increasingly depend on high-speed connections.
When is 5G coming to Pakistan?
The answer for smartphone users in Pakistan seems to be the second quarter of 2020; The precise moment is uncertain.
The countries that are using 5G technology from 2019 including the United States, China, United Kingdom, Germany, Switzerland, South Korea, and Australia.